To have been born of Afro descendent in a region whose predominance age of peoples of European ancestry would mark forever not only his life, but also the acceptance and the judgment of the workmanship of this poet. although to possess a formation parnasiana, from which never it was moved away total, obtained to also unite its ability with the writing to the musicality and to the fidgets spirituals. Such characteristics, as well as its anxiety of the infinite and truth, its acute aesthetic sense, had taken Cruz and Souza to an original and deep poetry, it included and it between the great simbolistas poets. First Cruz and Souza were one of a if to dedicate to chats poetical in Brazilian Literature and was considered by sociologist Roger Bastide as a great symbolist, comparable poet to the Frenchmen, except for its expressing of the race. Having been created for the old gentlemen of its parents, Cruz and Souza, who was known for ‘ ‘ poet negro’ ‘ , he had, as few of its people at its time, the possibility to study. He started its life of writer publishing in periodicals and adhered to the symbolism at the same time where he fixed himself in Rio De Janeiro. Its book Shields, of 1893, gave beginning to the Symbolism in Brazil, however, in it still had traces of the parnasiano formalism. In Lighthouses, of 1900, it passes for its second phase, in which all abandons the aestheticism adding to its poems its revolt. In Last Sonetos, in 1905, exploring the power full of the words, it fulfilled the ideal symbolist. Being that the two last workmanship are posthumous. The great representative of the Symbolism in Brazil passed its few thirty and six years of life feeling itself uncomprehending and kept out of society, being that the last ones, it she passed immersed in anguish, misery and misfortunes that had finished for marking deeply her workmanship.