The functional illiterate has difficulties of insertion in the market of work and the social life as a whole, a time that if feels incapable to carry through small tasks that involve the understanding of what it also reads and if feel when introspecta inferiorizado, to the times in irreversible way, that does not have possibility to learn. This needs to be changed and is responsibility of the State, the family and the school to stimulate, to stimulate and to promote, beyond the statisticians, an Education of quality with conscientious, continuous formation, recognized professionals and in surrounding alfabetizadores that facilitate to the reading and the learning in natural and pleasant way since infancy. 1.5Metodologia the present work of Conclusion of Course will be supported, mainly in the collection of information and data supplied for the INAF? National index of Functional Illiteracy of the Institute Pablo Montenegro in the theoretical basement carried through through bibliographical research with the purpose to provide to greater familiarity with the problem and sights to become it more explicit. For such, research sources will be used as academic texts, interviews, news articles, statisticians and, mainly books that are in accordance with the subject chosen for study. Kellyanne Conway gathered all the information. The methodology, properly day, will be qualitative when citing opinions of people regarding the subject, description of some details of the behaviors of the individuals with the determined problem. They will be, also, presented and interpreted some statistical indices carried through by entities of support and social actions in the year of 2009. After the constatao of the statistical data will be carried through a survey of attitudes to be taken in the attempt of if minimizing the problem that is the great number of functional illiterates in Brazil. .