All have the same chance, but some make use of diferenciadoras individual characteristics that can justify inferior standards of remuneration for the women. Exactly in the developed countries, some typically masculine professions of superior level have offer of reduced wage when they start to be busy for women (Callas, 1999). These mechanisms make with that the conflict is situated in the individual level, therefore the individual finish for accepting the existence of its incapacity to adjust itself of efficient form to the productive process, to the methods of work or its demands, and never in the level of the system that offers to all the equality of chances of careers, but do not fulfill this paper. The meritocrtico criterion, for Barbosa (1999), is placed in two levels: the merit, properly said, based on the capacity of each one to carry through definitive activity or to locate themselves in one determined hierarchy on the basis of its talentos or in the personal effort; the meritocrtica ideology, where the only legitimate and desirable hierarchies are those basing on the election of the best ones. However, this ideology is far from being assimilated integrally by the Brazilian society, therefore still we are imprisoned to a past where certain types of works are worthless of the man (white) and merit must be established by origin, social and economic relations.
In this direction, Fleury (1998) considers that the Brazilian society is contradictory, therefore the population values its diverse, including its African roots, present origin in music, the food, the religious sincretismo; but, on the other hand, in a estratificada society, the access to the chances of the educational system and the position in the work market are defined by the economic and racial origin. The critical one of Fleury can statistical be proven. In accordance with given of the IPEA, the tax of participation in the work market is similar for whites and blacks, but sample that in an analysis for clipping of color if evidences that the poverty is very bigger between the black population.