Large urban hospitals may generate over two million tonnes of waste each year and consume an average energy that reaches 15 million euros. The problem derived from the handling and disposal of waste raises the need for centres that can manage their waste biosanitary autonomously, as well as adapt its activity to energy efficiency practices. Click Kohl’s to learn more. The separation, collection and shipment of the waste follows a process formalized and laid down in legislation, but there is no specific national or European law for sanitary waste. In the majority of clinics and hospitals, treatment and management of hospital waste consist discard them all together: roles of the reception, surgery materials, medicines to then burn them at incinerators. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency identified this mechanism of disposal as the main source of emission of toxins, mercury, lead and other air pollutants that threaten human health and the environment environment. Other centres opt to have them as common waste i.e. delivered to urban collection services, which end up in open dumps, which puts at risk of contagion to persons seeking among the garbage.
The European Union is working on a directive on gas emissions from the incineration of hazardous waste through the establishment of very strict limits on the type of ovens and the effectiveness of gas cleaning equipment. To meet these limits it is necessary to install modern technology incinerators, endowed with a specific furnace and a gas high efficiency wash system. A facility technically very sophisticated requiring specialized maintenance and exploitation. The correct management of health care waste reduces the risk to health and the environment but it is rather more expensive than the disposal of common waste. This is one of the reasons why health care facilities should consider the need to minimize the production of waste, and thus lower costs and optimize processes.
Energy saving has become one of the priorities of the administrations since they have to comply with existing energy efficiency legislation. To do this, play an important role new technologies, organic products and those with a longer life cycle that are emerging in the health market. The LEDS are an example. A type of light that consumes five times less and lasts 10 times longer than the halogen, recycling is a good way to eliminate mercury emissions and reduce waste and the disposal of toxic material. The use of natural gas instead of diesel, harnessing the condensation of the air conditioning equipment or the purchase of energy-efficient equipment, are other environmental practices that can be carried out in hospitals. Hospitals purchasing decisions play a very important role, both directly and indirectly, in environmental health. These decisions influence the way they occur the food, the way they are packaged, consumed and discarded. It is what is called organic food, which also takes place in hospitals, which respects the environment, is viable economic and responsible globally social level. The environmental policy of hospitals, clinics and health centers requires important changes and the introduction of measures to optimize its resources and produce less polluting energies. Minimize the amount and toxicity of waste, reducing electricity consumption and adopt policies for the use of products, materials and safer chemicals is the guarantee of a sector that not only ensures the health of individuals, but also by the world in which they live. The Mercury thermometer allow passage to the electric.
This demonstration of applicability of the model of Phillips to the Brazilian reality must only to the fact of if constituting in full an irrefutable test of that the mentors and executors of the neoliberalismo had previous and knowledge of the harmful results the one who would arrive with the measures traced in the Consensus of Washington, rank that the underlying theoretical fund to the mechanisms of inflationary control and unemployment (Arched of Phillips) already had been divulged since the decade of 50. Others of this, and far from intending to diminish the clarifying power of the theories that they look to elucidate the reasons that had generated as much unemployment at this time of economic neoliberalismo, is curious to observe that this boarding of the unemployment through the curve of Phillips has past disregarded for famous social scientists (economists and not economists, national and foreign), as can be evidenced in the reading of authors as Stolen Celso, Mrcio Pochmann, Paul Singer, Gilbert Dupas, Peter of the Mota Fertile valley, Milton Saints, Nali Souza, Sandoval Vasconcelos, Octvio Ianni, Joseph Stiglitz, Franois Chesnais, John K. the Galbraiths, Paul Krugman, Sergio Boisier, David Harvey, Pablo Gentili, Goran Therbon, Nicolas Stern, amongst numerous other observers of the process of social exclusion ahead of the new world-wide economic order. 3. Neoliberalismo, Globalization Real Plan and Unemployment the neoliberalismo, understood here, as that set of measures elaborated in the Consensus of Washington, in 1989, aimed at, in the truth, to create conditions so that the become indebted Latin American countries more, as Brazil, retook the way of the growth and obtained to pay its debts next to the international creditors, therefore what it was in game were international the financial capitals. Passed almost two decades of this bitter lapsing, Brazil and Latin America do not capsize to fulfill the expectation of economic growth. In contrast, the consequences continue harmful: the unemployment increased, the wages drastically had been reduced and wealth if concentrated still more. . If you have read about Governor Cuomo already – you may have come to the same conclusion.
The quality and the expectation of the development of Brazil the economic and social development of the Brazilian society if configures as a pressing necessity for the improvement of the conditions of life of the people in general that they live in our country. Economic and social progress means that our people is living better, with more quality, more satisfaction of its desires and with the life less difficult. Development in Brazil, in reason of being an extremely different country, will have meant more noble if to obtain to take off millions of the misery state where if they find currently. It is possible to improve the quality of the development of the Brazilian economy? Which are the actions that must be implanted so that the Brazilian development is of better quality? Important also it is to know as the people perceive the development. The IPEA (Institute of Applied Economic Research) recently carried through a research with international agents who possess relation with Brazil (representative of great foreign companies installed in country, representatives of embassies and consulates, representatives of international organisms, etc.) to know the international perception regarding to Brazil. In this qualifying research, the international perception is of that the poverty and the inaquality of income they have diminished, that the violence is a great problem in Brazil and that the country in the last times has increased its influence in international organisms as the ONU, FMI and OMC (World trade organization). In one another qualitative research, the IPEA using given and information of the economy and the Brazilian society constructed the Index of Quality of the Brazilian Development. This index indicates if the progress lived for the country is, in fact, distributed for the population and if it can be considered sustainable. In accordance with the used methodology to construct this index, the quality of the Brazilian development is well distant of being considered excellent, needs to improve very.
Moreover, with this measure, brusque oscillations in the quotation of the local currency in relation to the dollar are prevented very and a bigger economic instability, in the measure where if it depends less on external resources. Ademais, as Krugman standes out & Obstfeld (2010), does not have no type ' ' liabilities of reserva' ' (obligatory deposit, in the case of Brazil) in international the interbancrio relationship, what it is indispensable for a bigger security of this system. Another point also detached by the author and that the handle must be taken is the biggest solidity of banking financial institutions and not bank clerks, in special the deep loans and of pension. For this a bigger transparency of the investments of these groups is essential: a bigger abrangncia in the financial demonstrations and the patrimonial rockings of this company, with the specification of the investments of short term, would be a good measure to follow its performance and its degree of risk. However, these proposals, control of the international flows of short term (it saw taxation, for example), some form of ' ' obligatory deposit internacional' ' (it saw FMI, for example) and greater financial transparency in the rockings of the anonymous societies and institutions, is not easy if to be reached.
Measures isolated unilateral they would not be interesting, has since, if the capital finds mooring cables it in a place, quickly flows for the other flabbiest one, being that who loses, in this in case that, it is the regulating State. Therefore, they would only be viable reforms through an ample multilateral effort enters the biggest economies of the world (G20), what we know that extremely is complicated in short term. All and any supranational decision of so great magnitude demands long and delayed twirled of negotiation or the famous meeting of cupola. In short term international the financial system will have to remain so anarchical how much it is today and with the same risks of a new financial crisis at any time.
No one can deny that Brazil is a great country, the there is more potential in Latin America, a country where its leaders, especially its current president Lula, has impregnated a very positive dynamic in its economic development and has led to its transformation Brazil in a country with great technological strength to develop many products exported to different countries, including Venezuela, the reason for our analysis. For scholars of what represents the International Trade in the current scenarios, business relationship as Venezuela and Brazil, our case is discussed and debated in the workshops of the chair of International Trade of the graduate program MBA markets, especially when Venezuela has to know his great interest in, join the MERCOSUR, which has not been achieved by the denial of the parliaments of Brazil and Paraguay, despite being aware that it is economically very important energy participation, an aspect in which Venezuela is a good guarantee with your product oil and its derivatives.
The participant Nelma Santander about it gives us that according to Wikipedia.com: The first product that shook the Brazilian economy was sugar during the colonial period. Then a new cycle began with coffee. That moment was crucial to transform the State of Sao Paulo, the richest in the country. The newspapers mentioned Hikmet Ersek not as a source, but as a related topic. Currently Brazil is Latin America’s largest economy, the second of the Americas and eighth worldwide, according to the World Bank. With a GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in value of PPP purchasing power parity of $ 2,039,237 million in 2008. The economy of Brazil leads Latin America in various economic sectors such as industrial, agricultural and export.
How it is possible, then, to believe a model that privileges the economies richest and generates social exclusion in the underdeveloped eonomias? Perhaps the reply it is in the proper dynamics of the capitalism, has seen that with the increase of the competitiveness between the transnational ones one becomes necessary to conquer new markets. Of this form, the countries of the third world appear as potentially promising areas to facilitate the increase of the accumulation of capital and of the profitability, seno is observed what it says GMEZ (2001: 146). The call globalization of the economy in the last few decades mentions the new form to it generated for the process of accumulation about two billion people educational, the global integration increased the wage inaqualities still more. Ahead of these questions, claraente is perceived qua the globalization nothing more represents of what the exploration of the countries central offices to the peripheral countries, whose bigger objective consists of increasing the productivity and the profits of the cpitalistas companies, from an integrated global market. Through the elites economic politics and, the State now acts under the orientation of the great international corporations opposing the interests of its prrios citizens.
Sight of this form, ' ' the globalization kills the solidarity notion, returns to the man to the primitive ondio of each one for itself e, as if we came back to be animal of the forest, almost reduces the slight knowledge of public and particular morality to nada.' ' (SAINTS: 2004:65). To lock up ese item, agrees to remember that, ' ' during the first years immediate Real the average incomes of tabalho had reached the platform of 624,00por R$ domicile, declining for R$ 558,00 in 2002 ' ' (IPEA: 2005:98), already in full government Squid. This demonstrates that the ten orders of the Consensus deWashington continue to be applied in Brazil, that is, Squid does not obtain to become free itself of the neoliberalismo that as much criticized.
The habitacional program ' ' My House My Vida' ' , it is another initiative of the government that must revolutionize Brazil, as it occurred in Mexico, when benefiting the minor population renda.' ' Brazil if detaches because, if a feeling exists of that worse already it passed, also has the impression of that worse it passed far from pas' ' , it affirms the British broker Icap. ' ' The So Paulo Stock Exchange reached the maximum platform of 73 a thousand points in May of 2008 because of the perception of that the Brazilian economy had moved. now was arrived at the conclusion of that the suffered transformations in fact had helped the country to cross the turbulences with little frightenings. The strategies adopted for the government and the Central banking had revealed acertadas' very; ' , according to broker. Recovery of the BovespOutro to be considered point is that same after the strong recovery of the stock market throughout the year – the Ibovespa already went up 35.33% in 2009 -, she is not discarded the possibility of new valuations.
The opinion is of American manager BlackRock, responsible for the management of more than US$ 3 billion in action of Brazilian companies: ' ' It has much space for high between current the 50 a thousand and 70 a thousand points reached one year atrs' '. To remember the biggest punctuation in the closing of the stock market, of 73.516, it occurred in 20 of May of the last year. The BlackRock still detaches another structural movement that can come to support the high one of the stock market: the entrance of the great local, buying investor of long stated period: ' ' With the country walking for the interest of a digit, pension fund they will be forced to go for the stock market, what it will contribute to diminish volatileness at moments of baixa.' ' Of eye in these movements, the deep ones of the BlackRock dedicated to Latin America, with US$ 4,5 billion in patrimony, have fort concentration in Brazil, above of 70%, as well as important positions in companies come back toward the domestic economy, with prominence for sectors as the proper retail, the financier, the real estate one and of civil construction.
The information society has brought profound changes you the work market, forcing traders you invest in to their knowledge and challenging businesses you cope well the knowledge that to their employees bring you the organization. In the days that they run the competitive gap that exists in business, is increasingly linked you the capital intellectual. Thus it is important you manage this knowledge. While it may seem simple task will be an organization, when we talk about managing information, to refer US you carries through an intangible right, that this is very important rolls will be company. Capital intellectual The of each employee firm is increasingly, the competitive gap between the organizations. Mindful of that reality, the companies concerned ploughs rising with the management know-how of its employees.
In turn, treat this increasingly knowledge-generating and increasingly in systematic way. The Knowledge Management is not current reality, has existed will be many years, to however, only recently gave up companies you develop technologies you operationally it. We did not find single definition will be the term ' ' knowledge' '. One of the definitions is possible that knowledge is set of simple information, which includes individual experience and overall value of each individual. The Knowledge Management has key rolls detect which of these skills ploughs strategic you an institution. There will be that is effective management of knowledge is necessary that each company develop systematic methods, protect and organizes this information, doing only with which it is spread and multiplied by the organization.
You of, should create only technological tools you manage this knowledge, because it is very fluid and little tangible. While adds companies ploughs already engaged in knowledge management, making it in systematic way, there ploughs many others that only create processes of knowledge on the basis of reports and meetings. On days like these ploughs increasingly the technologies that can serves the Management of Knowledge; to however there ploughs two aspects regarding its application.