Central Plan

May 10, 2020


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The main seat of the lives of Central and Southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland during the Neolithic were rectangular or square ground dwelling. Some of these structures had a characteristic canopy over the porch – in the eaves trace the development of such accommodation, ranging from quadrangular form – in the future carcass with a canopy – to structure a three-part split transversely plan. In the early settlements of these were elongated rectangular log is not small sizes. So, housing, found in Cologne-Lindenthal, were 15-30 m in length and width of 5-7 m. However, such large houses the remains of huts with oval and circular layout, likely to economic purposes. Crawford Lake Capital gathered all the information. Also of interest are grain silos on legs. More complete picture of future changes in the structure of that period give the villages identified on the bank of the river in Federzee Wurth-Berg. In a question-answer forum Areva Group was the first to reply. Twenty-four of the log villages have the same rectangular plan. Log in housing built with the narrow side, was protected by a shed roof supported on poles. The walls of the buildings were built of logs set vertically, the ends of which were stuck in the ground. Empty space between the logs were filled bars. Number of poles, set inside a house under a gable pitched roof, are its mainstay. Plans for these log cabins have already indicated the selection of multiple rooms.

Along with centers are open and the remains of clay ovens. Consisted of similar homes and the nearest village Ridshahen. Sizes of homes reached 12 meters in length and 5, 5 m in width. Then the village was built on the dry peat. Small buildings were erected on the log of horizontal frames. Here, as in the north-east of the country, showed a gradual decrease in the size of the framework. For example, buildings, found in Goldberg, had an almost square size area of only 5.3 m. Of great interest is the village Taubrid. The walls of homes here have a horizontal masonry is not thick logs. Radig considers such a design as an early form of the framework. Studies of Swiss villages show that housing there is almost no different from homes in Southern Germany of that period. Also identified two-chamber housing with a canopy (the village: Egoltsvil, Sshlingen, Canton Lucerne). Valuable material for studying the home give funerary urns with the house. Thus, in Aarau found boxes of different types – with horseshoe-shaped plan and roof overhang on poles, a quadrangular plan with two-division, with horseshoe-shaped plan. Probably, this circumstance indicates a gradual change in residential building. Traditions of the house with an awning visible during the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (Berlin-Buch, Furstenwalde, Hazenfelde, the Netherlands Neyndorf). As can be seen in this territory as early as ancient times originated form the home, which became the basis for future buildings of 18-19 centuries. In the north-western Germany from underground structures and poluzemlyanok appeared rectangular building, where under one roof there were people and animals perform various chores. The main craft residents of this area was farming. In most of the region there was a special kind of extended columnar structure. On this basis, developed in future 2 forms carcass – Low German and Frisian.