Month: August 2012
All have the same chance, but some make use of diferenciadoras individual characteristics that can justify inferior standards of remuneration for the women. Exactly in the developed countries, some typically masculine professions of superior level have offer of reduced wage when they start to be busy for women (Callas, 1999). These mechanisms make with that the conflict is situated in the individual level, therefore the individual finish for accepting the existence of its incapacity to adjust itself of efficient form to the productive process, to the methods of work or its demands, and never in the level of the system that offers to all the equality of chances of careers, but do not fulfill this paper. The meritocrtico criterion, for Barbosa (1999), is placed in two levels: the merit, properly said, based on the capacity of each one to carry through definitive activity or to locate themselves in one determined hierarchy on the basis of its talentos or in the personal effort; the meritocrtica ideology, where the only legitimate and desirable hierarchies are those basing on the election of the best ones. However, this ideology is far from being assimilated integrally by the Brazilian society, therefore still we are imprisoned to a past where certain types of works are worthless of the man (white) and merit must be established by origin, social and economic relations.
In this direction, Fleury (1998) considers that the Brazilian society is contradictory, therefore the population values its diverse, including its African roots, present origin in music, the food, the religious sincretismo; but, on the other hand, in a estratificada society, the access to the chances of the educational system and the position in the work market are defined by the economic and racial origin. The critical one of Fleury can statistical be proven. In accordance with given of the IPEA, the tax of participation in the work market is similar for whites and blacks, but sample that in an analysis for clipping of color if evidences that the poverty is very bigger between the black population.
But the use of a market economy, would take in extending its benefits to all the Earth corners. The concept is obvious applicable to our dear Argentina. Our own experience and the realised studies, suggest to us by long periods, an important strip of population was outside the reach of the benefits of the market economy. In many cases the benefits would even arrive partially and will be necessary to go to other methodologies for the subsistence. This situation of deficiency, could be solved gradually, if the return of a concept were promoted that seemed filed almost in the corner of the memories: I talk about the Domestic Economy. Perhaps this concept, little says to them to the minors of forty years; and mainly to those of that strip etaria that live in the great cities.
Nevertheless, there were a time in which in the homes, and especially, but the humble ones; poultries grew up; inlays and conserves became; the clothes were woven and made, horneaba the bread, and thus in similar form, the families almost autoabastecan themselves. Soon the industrial society arrived (in fact in the majority of the Argentine localities only it arrived fragmentarily and almost caricaturescamente). It supposed: that almost all the economically active population; it would have a stable use in the commerce, the services or the industry. Another assumption was that the remunerations that were perceived by those uses reached to maintain with honor the respective families. In an important measurement, this was fulfilled during decades, for an immense majority of the Argentine urban homes.
That way subsisted in the rural areas to solve the problems to " casero" " , and never got to have fixed uses for all. But these groups, that never left of to be numerous, they were considered marginal. The thickness of the population went away adapting to you rule of consumption of the industrial society (some called " American way of life"), and " was left; culture of the caretaker.
READING BENJAMINIANA: BETWEEN THE EYE AND THE OBJETOFANTASMAGRICO, THE CLICK OF THE FINGER. Adriana Soares de Souza 1 Introduction Our rented coffees and our streets, our offices and nossosquartos, our stations and our plants appeared to imprison-nosinapelavelmente. (Benjamin, 1993) Breaking itself of a benjaminiano look, the objective destetrabalho is to try to present a possible reading enters a system of linguagemcaracterstico of the literary expression, a story of Clarice Lispector to menormulher of the world 2, and other, characteristic of the expressocinematogrfica, a film of Paul Auster 3 smoke Curtain. In this manner, the object of this work is configured in two ' ' tipos' ' different, even so the complex relations between literature and cinema are mltiplase, characterized for one strong intertextualidade: one produto of an art that if it uses of the written word, and the other, of images. importante that if says that, the new way to see the world and to represent it seinstaurou from the invention of the camera, either the literary ones as the romance or the story, are the formasvisuais, as the cinema and the television direct or is indiretamentearticuladas in secular sequences, does not matter if linear, if truncated, inverted or interpoladas.’ ‘ 5 However, if the time in literature sedistingue of the space, in the cinema ‘ ‘ the time, that is invisible, is filled as busy space for sequences of images visveis’ ‘ 6, that is, noocorre the inseparabilidade of time and space, a time that one does not exist without the other. Made the exceptions, I will initiate the work with the Benjaminiana vision on ascausas and consequences with> advent of the techniques of reproduction and, naseqncia, the imaginary world of the cinema; a possible reading of the images dofilme e, finally, a possible reading of the story: one to look at marketing dojornal. ' ' Techniques of reproduction: Benjaminiana vision In the assay the work of art at the time of suareprodutibilidade Benjamin technique goes to revitalize, exactly, percepoe the experience, or still, the central point of this study meets naanlise of the causes and consequences of the destruction of ' ' aura' ' queenvolve the works of art, while only objects.
The first passage in this matter will have to be to retire our retirement is worth the reiteration of the DOG. The second, obvious our entrance to the Mercosur, the one that would be approved without misfortunes for being a democratic government the one asks for who it. To discuss tariffs, to make list of products, to establish exceptions, is a work that we can call annoying, but indispensable in an integration process. My proposal is that once we are in both of integration organizations our country becomes an effective bridge of conjunction of both in tries of common market that it makes specific, finally the integracionistas yearnings. The relations with Colombia must be privileged. He is useless to abound in the reasons, but I must add an element: Venezuela must leave towards the Pacific in tries of an Asian vocation. Almost the same day that demanded this urgent action as President Santos spoke of the construction of a great railroad that would grant to Venezuela that condition.
Perhaps it will have to be come to the preliminary studies with urgency and to think about the port on the Colombian coast as a joint product. Between Colombia and Venezuela it has been talked much and the ideas remain in the paper. That exit towards another ocean of our country will have, without doubt, much supply of financing, special way in the hungry Asian countries that quickly run in search of new positionings parea their economies. That railroad, therefore has said president to it Santos, could be considered an alternative to the very same Panama Canal. But there is another project that it has centuries in the speculation, already thought by the Liberating Parents, and are of the fluvial integration of the continent.
Some studies have been done, but it is clear that we will be able to construct to the road network of water connecting our rivers and turning them into the most spectacular freeway so that our products travel in all the senses. That is a challenge That there is to assume. It will have to assume the new democratic government. Finally it seems to me that in this field we have privileged relations towards Europe not always satisfactory. I insist on which we ahead have the Dutch Antilles, each now with a special statute, but that, in my opinion, are the correct route for our approach, for our commercial approach with the European Union. Educative Emergencia and fast process of understanding with the towns of America. I propose it. original Author and source of the article.